【抛砖引玉】

Ⅰ . 词汇学习

send out , get through , ring back , repeat , funny , lady , attention , unable , world - famous , serious , introduction , college , joke , note , organize , medical , attend , organizer , gentleman , earn , suppose , out of breath , conference , a . m . , p . m . , make up , expert , throat

Ⅱ . 交际英语

1 . Can you ring up … ? 2 . I can\t get through .

3 . The line\s busy . 4 . I\ll try again later .

5 . Could I speak to …, please ? 6 . Hold on , please .

7 . Can I take a message ? 8 . This is … speaking .

9 . Can you ask … to ring me back , please ? 10 . I\ll ask … to call you .

Ⅲ . 语法学习

1 . must 用于肯定句，作“准是；一定是；一定是；相必是”解，对当前发生的情况作出非常肯定的推测。

must 用来表示有把握的肯定推测， ( 否定推测用 can\t , 不能用 mustn\t ) 其推测原因往往是根据某项客观存在的条件产生的。

The man talking to the students in the classroom must be a teacher .

2 . can\t 或 couldn\t 作“不可能，想必不会”解，以对当前发生的事作出否定的推测，表示出惊异，怀疑的情绪。

He can\t be waiting for us at the school gate since he is ill .

3 . might , may , could 用于肯定，但它表示一种不太肯定的说法。译成“也许；可能”。这几个词同 must 相比，表示“无客观条件线索”的推测。

She might ( may , could ) be in the classroom .

【指点迷津】

※ 想，认为 ( = guess , think ) 。

1 . 后接从句。

I suppose we\re too late to catch the 9 : 30 train .

John supposed that he could find a job soon .

I don\t suppose it\s the rush hour yet .

I don\t suppose she\ll agree with us on the matter .

2 . 后接名词／代词 + 不定式 ( 不定式多为 to be ) 。

I suppose him to be around fifty . ( = I suppose that he is around fifty . )

She is supposed to be an expert in this field .

The work is not as simple as it was supposed to be .

He is supposed to be here on time .

We are supposed to help each other .

We are not supposed to smoke on the bus .

3 . 与 so , not 连用。

— Will she come with us ?

— Yes , I suppose so .

— Will it rain ?

— No , I suppose not . ／I don\t suppose so .

4 . 用于插入语。

You don\t mind my smoking here , I suppose .

What do you suppose is the right way out of difficulty ?

※ 假定，设想 ( = be thought , take it as a fact ) 。

1 . 后接名词／代词 + 不定式 ( 不定式为 to be ) 。

Suppose the poor girl to be your daughter . ( = Suppose that the girl is your daughter . )

Let\s suppose the news to be true . ( = Let\s suppose that the news is true . )

2 . 后接从句。常用 Suppose… 或 Let us suppose … 的句式。

Suppose the earth is flat .

Let us suppose that his statement is right .

Suppose we put off the meeting till tomorrow .

Suppose we go for a picnic tomorrow .

Suppose／Supposing it rains tomorrow , what shall we do ?

1 . A minute , please . 2 . Just a minute .

3 . Just a moment . 4 . One moment , please .

5 . Hang on a moment , please . 6 . Hang on a minute , please .

7 . Don\t hang up , please . 8 . Hold on , please .

9 . Hold on a second , please . 10 . Hold the line , please .

11 . Would you hold the line a moment ? 12 . Would you wait a minute ?

【学法指要】

1 . repeat 重说，重做

Please repeat the word .

She repeated the poem .

Don\t repeat the same error .

〖 点拨 〗不要把 repeat 后再加 again。

2 . funny 有趣的，滑稽可笑的

What a funny story !

I don\t think that\s at all funny .

He is a very funny man .

〖 点拨 〗fun 是 funny 的名词，用作不可数名词。如：

What fun it is to see a film !

3 . attention 注意，关心

Pay attention to what you are doing .

We have given close attention to these needs .

They listened with great attention .

〖 点拨 〗词组：pay (much , no , little , more …) attention to注意…… 。fix one’s attention on精力集中中……。with attention = attentively聚精会神地。

4 . unable 不能的，不能胜任的

He seemed unable to understand what you said .

I am sorry to be unable to come .

〖 点拨 〗将来时和完成时一般不用 unable , 而用 not able . 另外，注意unable在句中时的反意疑问句：He is unable to help us , isn’t he ?

5 . world-famous 世界闻名的

It is a world-famous university .

6 . serious 严肃的，认真的，严重的

He looked serious .

Are you really serious when you say you\ll help me ?

He was serious about the matter .

It was a serious accident .

7 . introduction 引进，介绍

He encouraged the introduction of new techniques .

Mary made the introductions and we all shook hands .

1 . send out 发出；分发

What a lot of invitations to send out !

Please send out the letters quickly .

2 . get through 接通 ( 电话 )

I can\t get through . The line is busy .

I rang you up this morning , but I couldn\t get through to you .

3 . hold on ( 电话用语 ) 别挂电话

Hold on please , I\ll go go and see if Tom is in .

4 . ring back／call back 回电话

Can you ask her to ring me back , please ?

He rang back at nine yesterday evening , but I was still out .

5 . an invitation to …参加…的邀请

Dr Baker received an invitation to a Medical Conference .

6 . a bit 稍微；有一点儿 ( 修饰 adj . 或 adv . )

He decided to attend the meeting though he was still a bit surprised .

I\m a bit tired , I\m not going to watch the film .

He gives a bit of money to his old mother every month .

7 . reply to 回答某人；回信

Dr Baker replied to the invitation , accepting it .

Have you replied to him／to his letter ?

8 . do research in／on／into sth . 做…研究工作

I\m doing research in ENT at Lincoln College in Tennessee .

They are doing research in／into the causes of cancer .

9 . give a talk on／about sth . 做关于……的报告

She\s giving a talk on health tomorrow .

Would you mind giving a talk today about DNA ?

10 . out of breath = breathlessly 上气不接下气

He walked so fast that he was soon out of breath .

11 . make up —— 编造；弥补；打扮；构成

Make up a dialogue , using the following as a guide .

He made up an excuse